Recursive updating the eigenvalue decomposition of a covariance matrix
Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.
Surveying using Kinematic GPS and data interpretation 3. Design of tension members; Design of beams; Design of compression members; Analysis of eccentrically loaded columns; Design of beam-columns; Design of connections (riveted, bolted and welded); Single and built-up sections.
Background on stones, bricks, tiles, cement, steel, concrete, paints and polymers with relevant discussions of IS code provisions; concrete mix design; durability of concrete.
Standard consistency, initial and final setting time of cement sample using Vicat’s apparatus; Soundness of given sample of cement and lime by (Le-Chatelier test, autoclave test); Compressive strength of cement sample; Fineness of cement using (dry blank sieving, Blaine’s air permeability method) Specific gravity and water absorption of coarse aggregate; Fineness modulus and particle size distribution, shape test and abrasion test of coarse, fine, and all in aggregates; Consistency & workability of freshly mixed concrete (slump & compaction test); Cube strength and cylinder strength of concrete of given proportion and given water cement ratio; Tensile strength of steel; Compressive strength and water absorption of burnt clay bricks and stone samples. Background on stones, bricks, tiles, cement, steel, concrete, paints and polymers with relevant discussions of IS code provisions; concrete mix design; durability of concrete.
Basic structural behavior and design of low-rise bearing wall buildings; Basic material properties; Strength design of unreinforced masonry elements; Allowable stress design of unreinforced masonry elements; Introduction to reinforced masonry; Introduction to confined masonry.
Survey camp of 7-10 days: Total station survey, Geological survey, Creating survey map of the area including information about geological features at the site.